Perennial/Herbs













Worst Weeds & how to get Rid of them


Dodder Weed - #1 worst weed This ugly predator is also known as strangleweed, thanks to its ability to strangle other plants. For more on weeds and controlling them check this out -
The Top Worst Weeds







HERBS

Use Herbs to flavour foods, for teas and for good health

Whenever possible choose naturally grown herb plants.

The powerful healing benefits of natural herbs dates back 1000's of years.
Herbs can add amazing flavour to your cooking and allows you to lessen the amount of salt you would normally use. Herbs are also used for teas, vinegars, essential oils, and herbs add beauty, and are wonderfully fragrant.

Herbs are also know for healing. This section will give you lots of information on growing and using herbs.


The Magic of Fresh Herbs

Here are some tips from the author, chef Jerry Traunfeld, for enjoying herbs in YOUR kitchen:
• You only need to remove twiggy, wiry or woody parts of herbs. It's OK to chop up soft stems.
• Avoid over-chopping herbs. A "chopped" herb, according to Traunfeld, would measure between 1/8- and 1/4-inch across.
• Use stiff rosemary branches as skewers. Remove the leaves at the lower portion and cut the lower tip at an angle to aid piercing the food.
• Toss cooked pasta with a couple of tablespoons of chopped flat-leaf parsley.
• If you're planting just one type of mint, consider spearmint. It complements both sweet and savory flavors.
• Try sprinkling cooked or roasted cauliflower with coarsely chopped dill.
• If you only have room for planting one type of thyme, Traunfeld suggests English thyme. Lemon thyme works well with spring vegetables and seafood.
• Use a very sharp knife when cutting basil to avoid bruising it. Stir fresh basil in at the end when adding it to a cooked dish.
• Unless a recipe specifies otherwise, it means sweet basil when it calls for basil.


BASIL - a natural snipped in with tomatoes; terrific in fresh pesto; other possibilities include pasta sauce, peas, zucchini
CHIVES - dips, potatoes, tomatoes
CILANTRO - Mexican, Asian and Caribbean cooking; salsas, tomatoes
DILL - carrots, cottage cheese, fish, green beans, potatoes, tomatoes MINT - carrots, fruit salads, parsley, peas, tabouli, tea
OREGANO - peppers, tomatoes
PARSLEY - The curly leaf is the most common, but the flat-leaf or Italian parsley is more strongly flavored and often preferred for cooking. Naturals for parsley include potato salad, tabouli, egg salad sandwiches
ROSEMARY - chicken, fish, lamb, pork, roasted potatoes, soups, stews, tomatoes
THYME - eggs, lima beans, potatoes, poultry, summer squash, tomatoes


Approximate equivalent amounts of different forms of herbs are:

• 1 tablespoon finely cut fresh herbs

• 1 teaspoon crumbled dried herbs

• ¼ to ½ teaspoon ground dried herbs

Begin with ¼ teaspoon of most ground spices or ground dried herbs for these amounts; adjust as needed. Use more herbs when using a crumbled dried or a fresh form.

• 4 servings

• 1 pound of meat

• 1 pint (2 cups of soup or sauce) (Red pepper intensifies in flavor during cooking; add in small increments.)

When doubling a recipe, do not double spices and herbs. Increase amounts by 1½ times. Add more if needed.




MILKWEED plant

THE MILKWEED PLANT ATTRACTS BEES AND BUTTERFLIES.. Monarch Butterflies only lay eggs on plants in the Milkweed family. Milkweed host plants are the only food Monarch caterpillars eat.

Many other species of insects use milkweed as their primary food source, or as a major food source.

We are all urged to plant some milkweed to help the Monarchs survive.


PLANT DIRECTLY OUTDOORS -

You can naturally stratify the milkweed seed by sowing directly outdoors in the fall, in a sunny spot.

Cover the seed very lightly with an organic compost/soil mix.

TO START INDOORS -

When starting indoors, place the seed in a soil-less medium in late February, covering the seed very lightly as it needs diffused light.

Stratify the seeds by placing the container in the refrigerator or somewhere else cold for 3 months.

Remove the container after 3 months and try to keep it around 20C/70F for 14 - 19 day germination.

Grow under lights at a slightly cooler temperature before hardening off and transplanting outdoors after all danger of frost.

Once you have them growing outside the seeds will disperse easily in the wind.



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Perennials for Cut Flowers



Wouldn’t you love having fresh flowers in your home every day. Even with a smaller perennial garden you can have the enjoyment of fresh flowers from spring to fall.
When you grow your own flowers you can choose the right flowers to ensure continuous blooms year after year, and choose color combinations that will enhance your decor and your style. It will ensure that you enjoy many years of joy and beauty from your selection.
Be sure to include many plants that grow from bulbs, for example Daffodils and Tulips and Hyacinth, to ensure beautiful cut flowers through April and May. While the bulbous plants are dying off the foliage of your perennials is emerging.

Some recommended Plants –




Hyacinths - are favored for their intense colors and strong fragrance, and are a staple of the spring garden. Flower colors include magenta and indigo as well as pale pinks, blues, whites and yellows.




Daffodils- daffodils are always a sign that spring has arrived! You should plant the bulbs in the fall and they will bloom in early spring. Daffodils are attractive flowers, usually yellow or white with six petals and a trumpet-shape central flower.





Tulips are one of the most popular spring flowers. They come in a variety of colors and sizes, which will also flower at different times, so check your package to see when you want them to bloom. They are a wonderful addition to any garden.





Phlox – has a rich vibrant color of white, red, pink and orange. Very long bloom time from midsummer to fall.




Bee Balm - Bee Balm attracts Hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. The summer flowers of this spreading herb are usually red, but you can also find cultivars with pink, purple or white blooms.





Iris dwarf -Dwarf Iris flower in spring, then the bearded Iris in May and June. Then the Siberian and Japanese in summer. All have sword like foliage and great as cut flowers.




Lilies-Lilies are beautiful flowers that work well in arrangements. They can be grown from bulbs planted in Spring and/or Fall.




Peony - Many varieties of peonies are available, both double and single, in pink, white or red. Blooms through May and the foliage can provide greenery for later floral arrangements. It is noted that you should not use the blooms from the peony for at least 3 years.




Babies Breath-Very nice addition to floral arrangements. Tiny white blooms of babies breath are a must in most arrangements.





Astilbe- This hybrid that blooms from late May through June has feathery plumes of red, pink or white and very attractive foliage.




Blanket flower-These are wonder border flowers that bloom all summer and are great for flower arrangements. Yellow, mahogany and red daisy like flowers.




Leopard’s Bane -This bright yellow daisy combines with yellow or tulips in the spring.




Tarrow- Comes in yellow, pink, white, red and orange. The flowers last a long time and the foliage is fine and feathery. The cultival Moonshine has lemon yellow flowers and silver leaves.




Chrysanthamum- A large selection of different plants that provide many great cut flowers including Shasta Daisy and the painted Daisy. Hardy mums bloom from August to October and come in many many colours.




Feverfew- Feverfew may look delicate, but it's a sturdy, easy-to-grow herb that blooms from early summer to early fall. The white petals with the yellow centers look like tiny daisies. Pinch off the spent flowers to extend the bloom season, and to reduce the number of self-sown seedlings.




Lady's Mantle- One of the favourites of flower arrangers. Unusual chartreuse flowers and also has very attractive foliage. They will also last a long time in water.




Columbine- Beautiful plants bloom in June and come in many colours and colour combinations with a unique spurred flowers. An excellent cut flower.




Lavender- is as pretty to look at as it is to smell, and it keeps its fragrance when dried. In mid June, English lavender produces spikes of purple-blue flowers over clumps of silvery leaves. Lavender is a good choice for the front of the border—it must have good drainage to stay healthy.




Marsh mallow- is a beautiful herb that produces attractive pink or white flowers for most of the summer. The broad, heart-shaped, gray-green leaves are velvety soft.




Purple coneflower- produces clumps of sturdy stems topped with large, pink, daisylike flowers that have raised, orangey-brown centers. The plants bloom from midsummer to fall, especially if you snip off the deadhead them. They grow 3 to 4 feet tall.







Please check out this page and our gardening tips to find lots of useful information for gardening and composting.




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